Enrolment of female students lowest in institutes of national importance: MoE | Kalvimalar - News

Enrolment of female students lowest in institutes of national importance: MoE- 10-Jun-2021

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New Delhi: The share of girl students is lowest in institutes of national importance while female participation in professional courses is lower in comparison to academic courses, according to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20.

However, there has been an overall increase of over 18  per cent in female enrolment in higher education from 2015-16 to  2019-20, pointed out the report released on Thursday by the  Ministry of Education.
A total of 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges and 9,599  stand-alone institutions participated in the survey, which provides  key performance indicators on the current status of higher  education in the country.
"In the last five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20, there  has been a growth of 11.4 per cent in the student enrolment. The  rise in female enrolment in higher education during the period is  18.2 per cent. Gender Parity Index (GPI) in higher education in  2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an  improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age  group compared to males," the report said.
According to the report, the number of female students  is lowest for institutes under state private open university (2,499)  followed by institutes under state legislature act (3,702) whereas the share is highest in state public universities.
"Share of female students is lowest for institutes of  national importance (24.7 per cent) followed by deemed  universities government (33.4 per cent) and state private  universities (34.7 per cent), whereas the share of female students  for institutes under State Legislative Act is 61.2 per cent," the report  said.
"Share of female students in state public universities is  50.1 per cent and in central universities it is 48.1 per cent," it said.
The survey found female participation in professional  courses is lower in comparison to academic courses at both under  graduate and post graduate levels.
"Female participation is very high and has also increased  sharply at MA, MSc and MCom levels during the last 5 years. However, female participation is still very low at undergraduate  courses like BCA, BBA, BTech or BE and LLB," it said.
The report pointed out that it may be seen that percentage share of male is higher than female in almost every  level, except MPhil, post graduate and certificate.
"Student enrolment at under graduate level has 50.8 per cent male and 49.2 per cent female. Diploma has a skewed distribution with 65.1 per cent male and 34.9 per cent female. PhD level has 55 per cent male and 45 per cent female. Integrated levels  have 56.2 per cent male and 43.8 per cent female. PG Diploma  student enrolment is 53.6 per cent for male students and 46.4 per  cent for female students," it said.
The relatively higher share of male enrolment than  female enrolment of students is also seen across the levels in the  most of the states.
Uttar Pradesh, with its highest student enrolment in  India, has 49.1 per cent male and 50.9 per cent female students.  Maharashtra has the second highest student enrolment with 54.2  per cent male and 45.8 per cent female students.
Thereafter, Tamil Nadu has 50.5 per cent male and 49.5 per cent female students, and Rajasthan has 52.2 per cent male and  47.8 per cent female students.
In Karnataka, the percentage of female students enrolled  is 50.2 per cent whereas in Madhya Pradesh more male students  are enrolled as compared to female students.


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